An Empirical Evaluation of Machine Learning Techniques for Crop Prediction
Agriculture is the primary source driving the economic growth of every country worldwide. Crop prediction, which is critical to agriculture, depends on the soil and environment. Nutrient levels differ from area to area and greatly influence in crop cultivation. Earlier, the tasks of crop forecast and cultivation were undertaken by farmers themselves. Today, however, crop prediction is determined by climatic variations. This is where machine learning algorithms step in to identify the most relevant crop for cultivation. This research undertakes an empirical analysis using the bagging, random forest, support vector machine, decision tree, Naïve Bayes and k-nearest neighbor classifiers to predict the most appropriate cultivable crop for certain areas, based on environment and soil traits. Further, the suitability of the classifiers is examined using a GitHub prisoners’ dataset. The experimental results of all the classification techniques were assessed to show that the ensemble outclassed the rest with respect to every performance metric.
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International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence
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