Real World Anomalous Scene Detection and Classification using Multilayer Deep Neural Networks

Surveillance videos record malicious events in a locality utilizing various machine learning algorithms for detection. Deep-learning algorithms being the most prominent AI algorithms are data-hungry as well as computationally expensive. These algorithms perform better when trained over a diverse and huge set of examples. These modern AI methods have a dire need of utilizing human intelligence to pamper the problem in such a way as to reduce the ultimate effort in terms of computational cost. In this research work, a novel methodology termed Bag of Focus (BoF) based training methodology has been proposed. BoF is based on the concept of selecting motion-intensive blocks in a long video, for training different deep neural networks (DNN's). The methodology reduced the computational overhead by 90% (ten times) in comparison to when full-length videos are entertained. It has been observed that training networks using BoF are equally effective in terms of performance for the same network trained over the full-length dataset. In this research work, firstly, a fine-grained annotated dataset including instance and activity information has been developed for real-world volume crimes. Secondly, a BoF-based methodology has been introduced for effective training of the state-of-the-art 3D, and 2D Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs). Lastly, a comparison between the state-of-the-art networks have been presented for malicious event recognition in videos. It has been observed that 2D CNN even with lesser parameters achieved a promising classification accuracy of 98.7% and Area under the curve (AUC) of 99.7%.
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In Press
International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence
In Press
In Press
In Press
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