A Case-Based Reasoning Model Powered by Deep Learning for Radiology Report Recommendation

Author
Keywords
Abstract
Case-Based Reasoning models are one of the most used reasoning paradigms in expert-knowledge-driven areas. One of the most prominent fields of use of these systems is the medical sector, where explainable models are required. However, these models are considerably reliant on user input and the introduction of relevant curated data. Deep learning approaches offer an analogous solution, where user input is not required. This paper proposes a hybrid Case-Based Reasoning, Deep Learning framework for medical-related applications, focusing on the generation of medical reports. The proposal combines the explainability and user-focused approach of case-based reasoning models with the deep learning techniques performance. Moreover, the framework is fully modular to fit a wide variety of tasks and data, such as real-time sensor captured data, images, or text, to name a few. An implementation of the proposed framework focusing on radiology report generation assistance is provided. This implementation is used to evaluate the proposal, showing that it can provide meaningful and accurate corrections, even when the amount of information available is minimal. Additional tests on the optimization degree of the case base are also performed, evidencing how the proposed framework can optimize this base to achieve optimal performance.
Year of Publication
9998
Journal
International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence
Volume
In Press
Issue
In Press
Number
In Press
Number of Pages
1-12
Date Published
08/2021
ISSN Number
1989-1660
URL
https://www.ijimai.org/journal/sites/default/files/2021-08/ip2021_08_11.pdf
DOI
10.9781/ijimai.2021.08.011
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