Function Analysis of Industrial Robot under Cubic Polynomial Interpolation in Animation Simulation Environment

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Keywords
Abstract
In order to study the effect of cubic polynomial interpolation in the trajectory planning of polishing robot manipulator, firstly, the articular robot operating arm is taken as the research object, and the overall system of polishing robot operating arm with 7 degrees of freedom is constructed. Then through the transformation of space motion and pose coordinate system, Denavit-Hartenberg (D-H) Matrix is introduced to describe the coordinate direction and parameters of the adjacent connecting rod of the polishing robot, and the kinematic model of the robot is built, and the coordinate direction and parameters of its adjacent link are described. A multi-body Dynamic simulation software, Automatic Dynamic Analysis of Mechanical Systems (ADAMS), is used to analyze the kinematic simulation of the robot operating arm system. Finally, the trajectory of the robot manipulator is planned based on the cubic polynomial difference method, and the simulation is verified by Matrix Laboratory (MATLAB). Through calculation, it is found that the kinematic model of polishing robot operating arm constructed in this study is in line with the reality; ADAMS software is used to generate curves of the rotation angles of different joint axes and the displacement of end parts of the polishing robot operating arm changing with time. After obtaining relevant parameters, they are put into the kinematic equation constructed in this study, and the calculated position coordinates are consistent with the detection results; moreover, the polishing robot constructed in this study can realize the functions of deburring, polishing, trimming, and turning table. MATLAB software is used to generate the simulation of the movement trajectory of the polishing robot operating arm, which can show the change curve of angle and angular velocity. The difference between the angle at which the polishing robot reaches the polishing position, the change curve of angular velocity, and the time spent before and after the path optimization is compared. It is found that after path optimization based on cubic polynomial, the change curve of the polishing robot's angle and angular velocity is smoother, and the time is shortened by 17.21s. It indicates that the cubic polynomial interpolation method can realize the trajectory planning of the polishing robot operating arm, moreover, the optimized polishing robot has a continuous and smooth trajectory, which can improve the working efficiency of the robot.
Year of Publication
2020
Journal
International Journal of Interactive Multimedia and Artificial Intelligence
Volume
6
Issue
Regular Issue
Number
4
Number of Pages
105-112
Date Published
12/2020
ISSN Number
1989-1660
URL
https://www.ijimai.org/journal/sites/default/files/2020-11/ijimai_6_4_11.pdf
DOI
10.9781/ijimai.2020.11.012
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